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EXAMINE THE VIEW THAT POLITICAL POWER IN

EXAMINE THE VIEW THAT POLITICAL POWER IN

THE ARAB WORLD RESTS SIMPLY ON A REGIME’S

CONTROL OF THE MILITARY AND SECURITY SERVICES

(THREE CASE STUDIES: EGYPT, SAUDI ARABIA, AND IRAQ)

By Dr Kamal M. M. ASTAL

CONTENTS: 

Introduction.

1.1.      The importance of the study.

1.2.      Objectives of the study.

1.3       The statement of the problem of the study

1.4.      The scope of the study.

1.5.      Hypotheses of he study.

  1. Poetical power and the military and security services.

(Theoretical Background)

2.1.      Civil military relations: Old nations and new.

2.1.1.   The aristocratic model of political military elite.

2.1.2.   The democratic model of civilian-military elite

2.1.3.   The totalitarian model of civil-military elite

  1. The civil military relations in the Third World.

2.2.1.   Authoritarian-personal control.

2.2.2    Authoritarian-mass party control.

2.2.3.   Democratic competitive.

2.2.4.   Civil-military coalition.

2.2.5. Military oligarchy.

  1. Political power and military and security services: Three Case studies:

3.1.1    Egypt: The military and security dimension of power.

3.1.2    The Revolutionary measures to keep power ( The Authoritarian Regime)

3.1.3.   Military and monopoly of power.

3.1.4    Nasser’s regime: One party organization replacing the multiparty system.  (The role of the Military and security Personnel)

3.1.5.    The Military Rule and Absence of Democracy.

3.1.6.      Military as a source of Nasser’s regime elite.

3.1.7.    Advantages of the officers in Nasser’s Egypt.

3.1.8.        Military and the bureaucracy.

3.1.9.       Sadat’s Egypt and military and security.

3.1.10.      Conclusion

3.2.          Saudi Arabia: The clannish Regime and the military and security services.

3.2.1        The emergence of the Saudi Arabia.

3.2.2        The government’s institutions in Saudi Arabia.

3.2.2.1.     Saudi Arabia’s Royal Family.

3.2.2.2.     The Ulama ( Religious Leaders)

3.2.2.3.     The Military and National guard.

3.2.3         The royal family and its allies.

3.2.4         Military and the established order.

3.2.5         The Saudi Regime’s fear of the military.

3.2.6        The Saudi measures to avoid potential threat of the military.

3.2.7        The challenges that impose the strengthening of the Saudi military forces.

3.2.8       The political power and the military and National Guard: ( The military role in supporting the Saudi Regime)

3.2.8.1    Some attempted coups

3.2.8.2    The support of the military to the Saudi regime .

3.2.8.3    The new-Ikhwan movement.

3.2.8.4     Quelling the Shiites in the Eastern Province.

3.2.9     Conclusion: the succession, the Legitimacy, and Military.

3.3.    Iraq: Political power and military.

3.3.1      Military as a source of political power: revolution of 14 July 1958.

3.3.2     The Qasim regime 1958-1963: Military as a pool of the political elite.

3.3.2.1  The power struggle and military: The showdown between Qasim and Arif.

3.3.2.2    The power and military during Qasim’s regime 1958-1963

3.3.3   The Arifs’ Regimes 1936-1968: the Ba’thist coup.

(The political power and military and security services during Arif’s regime 1963-1966)

(Popular participation versus military dictatorship)

3.3.4      The al-Bakr/Saddam Husain Regime, 1968-until now: The political power and military.

3.3.5   Conclusion

  1. General Conclusion.
  2. References
  3. Bibliography.
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